To all people already many centuries the rich potential of charcoal is known. With charcoal it is much connected legends, histories. Approximately 6000 years ago charcoal was the basic fuel for a copper meltdown. It was much demanded fuel all over the world. Huge woods of America have made charcoal very popular. Such known people as Henry Ford, Stafford Orin have brought the huge contribution to methods of manufacture of charcoal. Unique properties of charcoal allow adding it in food. Charcoal has found wide enough application in Japan. Charcoal and methods of its manufacture for some decades have much more changed. But value and uniqueness of this product remained former.
What actually charcoal? – You ask. Some consider that is as “an opposite material”. Charcoal was known for a long time for all the useful properties and qualities. What do you know interesting about charcoal?
Charcoal – useful fuel. It practically does not form a smoke and an open flame if correctly to make kindling. Charcoal gives only necessary temperature – heat. It as a material for isolation at building well absorbs smells. Charcoal in particular perfectly approaches for preparation of dishes on a grill, a brazier. For cookery use briquettes – united with other materials and generated in homogeneous pieces. More often them use in cookery of the USA. According to association of the Industry of a barbecue, in 1997 Americans have bought 883 748 tons of dark grey briquettes. At the heart of charcoal manufacture burning of a material rich with carbon, such as wood in is low-oxygen atmosphere lays. This process cleans moisture and changeable gases which are present at original fuel. The received charred material not only burns longer and устойчивей than wood, but also weighs it is much less.
Charcoal was known since prehistoric times. Approximately 5300 years ago the unfortunate traveller was lost in the Tyrolean, the Alps. Recently, when his body has been found in a glacier, scientists have seen that it bore the small box containing pieces of charred wood and wrapped up in leaves of a maple. The person did not have any tools for kindling of fire, such as flint, etc., therefore probably it bore decaying charcoal.
Approximately 6000 years ago charcoal was the basic fuel for a copper meltdown. After the blast furnace invention approximately during 1400 our era, charcoal it was used extensively across Europe for fusion of metals. By 18 century forestry were exhausted, that has resulted on alternative fuel – coke.
Extensive woods in east part of the North America have made charcoal popular fuel, especially for forge business. It also was used in the west of the USA in the end of 19 centuries to take silver from ore as fuel in a steam locomotive and for heating of inhabited and commercial premises.
Approximately in 1920 when Henry Ford has suggested pressing charcoal in briquettes, it has started to use not only as industrial fuel, but also in cookery. The beginnings it is favourable to Henry Ford to use sawdust and the saw-timbers made at its automobile factory, but also has still started to encourage use of own cars for departure on picnics. Grills-barbecues and charcoal “Ford” were on sale in automobile representations the companies some of them took away half of area under sale of the culinary goods.
Historically charcoal made, putting wood in the form of a cone and covering with his dirt, peat and ashes and leaving only from above an aperture for air tap. Wood was allocated so that to burn slowly, and apertures for air were allocated taking into account slow cooling of wood. Modern holes on charcoal manufacture have been replaced by a stone, a brick or the concrete furnace which contains 25 – 75 cords of wood (1 cord = 4 foots x 4 foots x 8 foots). The big party could burn during 3 – 4 weeks and to cool down 7 – 10 days. This method of dark grey manufacture allocates essential quantity of a smoke. Actually, change in colour a smoke signals about transitions to various stages of process. Originally, its whitish shade specifies in steam presence as water steams are allocated from wood. At allocation of other components of wood, such as pitches, the smoke becomes yellowish. At last, the smoke changes on thin bluish, specifying that carbonization has occurred completely. This suitable time to extinguish fire and to allow cooling down contained in the furnace.
The alternative method of manufacture of charcoal has been developed in the beginning of 1900 by Stafford Orin. It has helped Henry Ford to develop the business on manufacture of briquettes. Called the retort method, this involves passing wood through a series of hearths or ovens. It is a continuous process wherein wood constantly enters one end of a furnace and charred material leaves the other; in contrast, the traditional kiln process burns wood in discrete batches. Virtually no visible smoke is emitted from a retort, because the constant level of output can effectively be treated with emission control devices such as afterburners.
Charcoal and methods of its manufacture for some decades have a little changed. Development of “instantly-easy” briquettes was the most essential innovation for last years. They prepared for 10 minutes.
The unique facts about charcoal
the mummy has been found In China during excavation. As have established it the 53-year-old woman who has died of a heart disease. This mummy of 2100, but it looked as a 4-day corpse. In its stomach were more than 170 seeds of a melon. Over these seeds experiment has been made, all of them have sprouted. These facts have been soon explained that navvies have found at the basis of a tomb of 5 tons of charcoal. It seems all the once-living things were protected and kept fresh by the billions of negative ions made by the charcoal for over 2,000 years!
the Large quantity of the companies of Japan use charcoal for the bases, factories, offices, houses. The statistics shows, that people who work and live near dark grey facades, become less tired, that charcoal use in structure of buildings leads to smaller destruction and increase in term of work of cars. ?
Many Japanese cuisine uses charcoal in oil for frying, therefore it does not give bitterness and some days while charcoal remains in oil can be used.
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